An ancient view on trauma, the Buddha said, "The first noble truth states that there is suffering. The second noble truth states that we must discover why we are suffering. The third noble truth holds that suffering can be transformed." Best practice in the field of trauma therapy would agree, suffering can be transformed !
Trauma comes in many forms and affects us is different ways. This can be as simple as a dog bite, being in a fender bender, experiencing an act of petty or property crime, and as big as being in a natural disaster, being involved in violent crime or assault. Whatever the root cause, if you just can't seem to get over it, it may be an unresolved trauma. The Expressive Arts Continuum & Somatic Psychotherapy have proven to be very helpful in working with trauma.
Some of the symptoms of unresolved trauma include, but are not limited to; hyper vigilance, low startle threshold, obsessive/intrusive thoughts, sleep disturbances, racing heart, unexplained aches and pains, panic attacks, triggers, flashbacks, etc... Left untreated, unresolved trauma can have deep impacts on our ability to live healthy, happy, productive lives.
Shock or accidental trauma occurs when something when disaster or accidents strike, including natural disasters, car accidents, or assaults from people or animals occur.
Relational trauma occurs when our primary attachment relationships with parents, family or caregivers is interrupted or there are elements of neglect or abuse within the relationship.
Developmental trauma is a term used to describe what happens when due to external influences or events, a persons natural developmental process of growing up is interrupted. If we use the metaphor that human development is like weaving a rug, developmental trauma results in a "dropped thread". We can go back, pick up the tread and weave it in, completing the weave (growing ourselves up, so to speak).
All of different types of trauma can result in PTSD (post traumatic stress disorder), which is a treatable condition. The Expressive Arts continuum, Self Regulation Theory, Somatic Psychotherapy and Mindfulness can all be particularly helpful when working with trauma of all kinds, as it does not rely upon our ability to "put into words" what the issue is, but allows us to use metaphor and symbolism to work with and heal.